Twin Cities Calendar for January
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January in the Twin Cities is just like any other month in Minnesota, except there aren't boats or mosquitoes.
Or mosquitoes on boats... buzzing the lakes for the Winter Carnival medallion. Happy Jason A. month.
<<    JANUARY 2014     >>
Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday

1  New Year's Day 2 3
   snowballs fall
5   6   Schools closed (more)
     Wind chill alert
ridiculously cold
7  Pink
P!nk at Target Center 2014
9 10
11  Keith Urban
12 13
early morning snow

full moon
17  Jason Aldean 18
20  Martin Luther King, Jr 21
cold again
22 23
Canadian Clipper again
24  Tesla 25

26  Grammys

27  Jason Alexander
      Schools closed (list)
yes, minus 18 is cold
28 Schools closed
 State of the Union
State of the Union 2014
29 30  
morning snow - 6 inches
31 Chinese New Year

Twin Cities Calendar for January 2014
January 1 holiday           New Year's Day
Jan 1,  4, 8, 10,
15, 18, 29, 31
basketball      Timberwolves, Target Center ($11+)
Jan 2, 5, 16, 22 basketball      Gopher Mens, Williams Arena, University of Minnesota
Jan 2, 8, 9, 15, 16, 23 comedy           Raucous Caucus IV, Bryant-Lake Bowl - Eight ten-minute plays on
                         censorship, government intrusion, school guns, and rape culture with right and left views.
Jan 2, 4, 11,
14, 16, 18, 23
hockey            Wild, Xcel
Jan 4, 11, 25 gymnastics     Gopher Women, Sports Pavilion, University of Minnesota
Jan 4, 12, 23, 29 basketball      Gopher Women, Williams Arena, University of Minnesota
January 6 weather          Schools Closed due to extreme cold & wind chillMinnesota Zoo closed. 3M center closed.
                        No Minneapolis trash or recycling pickup. UofM is still on break. St. Catherine, St. Thomas, &
                        Concordia St. Paul are closed. More closings here and here. What extreme cold is like (below).
January 7 pop                  Pink, Target Center  (8pm, $40+) -- here's Try (rescheduled from Nov 2nd)
Jan 10, 11, 17,
24, 25
hockey            Gopher Women, Ridder Arena (TCF Stadium on 1-17), University of Minnesota
Jan 10-Feb 2 play                 Six Degrees of Separation by John Guare, Theatre in the Round, 245 Cedar Av, Minneapolis
January 11 country           Keith Urban, Target Center (7pm, $37+) -- here's You'll Think Of Me
Jan 14 stunts              Nitro Circus, Target Center ($39+) -- here's some top tricks 
Jan 15-Feb 9 musical           Cabaret, Pantages Theatre ($24+)
Jan 16-17 comedy           Jerry Seinfeld, Orpheum Theatre
January 17 country           Jason Aldean, Xcel Center (7:30pm) -- here's Dirt Road 
January 20 holiday           Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
January 24 rock                Tesla, Myth, Maplewood (8:30pm, $33) -- here's Love Song  
Jan 25-26 dance             Homecoming - A Chinese New Year's Tale, Caam Chinese Dance, O’Shaughnessy, St. Kates ($16)
January 26 music awards  Grammys - 56th annual, CBS-WCCO (7pm)
Jan 26-Feb 6 fair                  Winter Carnival, St. Paul
January 27 comedy           Jason Alexander & his hair, State Theatre (7pm, $45+)
weather          Schools close in Minneapolis, St. Paul, the University of Minnesota, & others due to cold
                         >> Barrows, Alaska (N of the Arctic Circle) was 20° warmer than the Twin Cities.
January 28 weather          Schools close in Minneapolis, St. Paul, and the morning at the UofM
TV politics
     State of the Union Address, U.S. Capitol, ABC-CBS-NBC-Fox-CNN (8pm CST)
Jan 28 - Feb 2 musical           Evita, Orpheum Theatre ($54+)
Jan 30-Feb 2 show               Boat Show, Minneapolis Convention Center ($11) -- featuring the Paddlefest indoor kayaking pool
January 31 holiday           Chinese New Year

32 degrees F - water freezes (at sea level)
20 degrees - cloud point of #2 diesel (see below)
10 degrees - road salt (sodium chloride) refreezes
10 below - blood flow to your extremities is reduced
20 below - 10w30 motor oil turns to sludge, road salt (calcium chloride) 
refreezes, skin freezes within 5 minutes
30 below - 5w30 motor oil turns to sludge
40 below - soap bubbles shatter like glass Christmas ornaments, mercury freezes in the thermometer, antifreeze freezes; cloud point of #1 diesel (see below)
50 below - skin freezes within a minute, metal turns brittle and snaps like wood
60 below - cold on an unprotected forehead can knock you unconscious in minutes
70 below - skin freezes in seconds, frozen breath hangs in the air
80 below - people's voices can be heard four miles away - it's called Temperature Inversion

(Celsius - Fahrenheit converter)     

Cold Car Batteries
If the car doesn't start in winter, the culprit could be a failed starter or a flooded engine, but most likely, it's the car battery. There are 3 reasons the battery should be the problem.
1. Power Available - In car battery terminology, it's called Cold Cranking Amps (CCA), which is the amount of electric current a 12 volt (technically 12.6) car battery can deliver for 30 seconds at zero degrees F while maintaining a minimum terminal voltage of 7.2 volts. If at 80 degrees, a car battery has 100% strength, at 32 degrees, it has 65% of its strength. At zero, it has 40% of its strength. At 32 below, it's down to a quarter of its strength.
2. Power Needed - Even though the battery has less power, it needs more power when the motor oil is cold. At zero degrees, when the battery has only 40% power, it needs 210% of what it would need at 80 degrees.  At minus 32 degrees, it would need 350% or three and a half times what it needs at 80 degrees.
3. Power Restored - Meanwhile, a cold battery is harder to recharge than a warm one. Low temperatures increase the resistance of electrolytes which both reduces the battery's cranking power and increases the time it takes for the engine (through the alternator) to recharge the battery.

It's a wonder that cars work at all.

When the Minnesota lakes freeze, especially with a steep drop in temperatures, the ice will Boom loud enough to be heard miles away. The tone and pitch depend upon the size and shape of the lake basin and the ice thickness.

Diesel Cloud Point - Pour Point - Cold Flow Plugging Point
Petroleum-based diesel and biodiesel fuel doesn't exactly freeze, but the paraffin wax in fuel begins to crystallize, giving it a cloudy appearance, known as the cloud point. The cloud point of #2 diesel is between 20 and 4
F. The cloud point of #1 diesel is -40º F. The key to the cloud point is that the fuel filter starts to clog. Pour point is the point when any liquid doesn't pour. But trucks and school buses conk out from fuel line clogs prior to reaching the pour point. The operational threshhold for winter diesel is the Cold Flow Plugging Point (CFPP) developed by the ASTM, which measures diesel's ability to flow through a fuel filter. Based on the CFPP, the location, and the month of the year the fuel is being sold, diesel fuel is blended to withstand extreme winter temperatures. In Minnesota, the month & temperatures are October (-4º F), November (-18º F), December (-30º F), January (-34º F), February (-31º F), and March (-24º F). Anti-gel additives are available for both diesel and biodiesel fuels. Diesel fuel purchased in September or in Arizona, without additives, may not get you where you are going in January in Minnesota.

Ice Thickness --  Minimum Thickness For Going Out On The Ice
Here's a handy Ice Thickness card to determine if the ice is thick enough to walk on or drive over. And every winter these charts are spread all over Minnesota. One problem: how do you know the thickness of the ice? You would have to break the ice to measure its thickness. And then you would know the thickness at the open spot -- it's zero! So now you'll need Ice Claws to get yourself out of this ice hole.

Tree Motion
The lakes aren't the only thing cracking; some species of trees crack like a rifle shot, due to being unevenly warmed by sunlight. Maple trees and other thin barked trees are more susceptible than aspens, black spruce, and jack pines.

The snow around hardwood trees on sunny days in February can be peppered with tiny black specks that jump! These are snow fleas! It's true; I'm not making this up. They fall out of the tree and hop about. Snow fleas aren't fleas. They are springtails: ancient herbivorous bugs that eat microscopic algae, bacteria, and fungi. Snow fleas spring off from trees uncontrollably in the spring. And that's why it's called Spring.

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Twin Cities Calendar 2014  -  January  

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